Pre-recorded workshop; view on own time for period of 90 days
Foundations of Jungian Theory for Sandplay and Expressive Arts Therapists explores the fundamental concepts of Analytical psychology as developed by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung. The course will provide an overview of the evolution of Jung’s theories and identification of primary theoretical differences with Psychodynamic theory. Special emphasis will be given to exploring Jung’s concept of the structure of the personality and how parts of the personality and the dynamics between them are evident in Sandplay and other expressive arts imagery.
Outline / Agenda:
Session 1: Overview of the Evolution of Jungian Theory
This session will provide an overview of the evolution of the theories of C. G. Jung, placing him in historical context with other psychological theorists of his time. Key concepts of Jung’s Analytical Psychology will be identified including his understanding of the collective dimension of the unconscious, his schema of the structure of the personality, the development of complexes, and ways of working with unconscious material, and the ultimate task of individuation, of becoming whole.
Learning Objectives for Session 1:
- Describe the historical context during which Jung developed his theories of Analytical Psychology
- Name at least 3 contemporary psychological theorists of C. G. Jung who influenced the development of his theories.
- Identify the 5 primary parts of the personality as described by C. G. Jung.
- Explain Jung’s concept of psychological complexes.
- Name at least 3 trays of working with unconscious psychological material developed by C. G. Jung.
Session 2: Psychodynamic and Jungian Theory – Similarities and Differences
This session explores the major similarities and differences between Psychodynamic and Jungian theory, beginning with the intense meeting of minds between Freud and Jung, the friendship that developed over shared ideas, and the fundamental differences that led to the demise of their friendship.
Learning Objectives for Session 2:
- Describe at least 3 core tenets of Analytical Psychology that differentiate it from Psychoanalytic theory.
- Explain the difference between the Psychodynamic and Jungian concepts of the nature of the unconscious.
- Describe at least 3 main differences between the Psychoanalytic and Jungian schemas of the structure and dynamics of the personality.
- Explain the difference between the Psychodynamic and Jungian concepts of what constitutes psychological healing.
Session 3: Ego – One Name, Many Meanings
Analogous to the claim that the Inuit language has many words for the singular English word ‘snow’, psychological theories appear to posit a multiplicity of meanings to the single term ‘ego’. This session focuses on fleshing out Jung’s concept of ego as a functional part of the personality, how it forms and what role it plays in relationship to other parts. Also referenced will be Dora Kalff and other Sandplay therapist authors’ descriptions of the concept and role of ego within the personality, how its status is assessed in Sandplay therapy, and how it is symbolized in Sandplay imagery.
Learning Objectives for Session 3:
- Describe Jung’s concept of the ego as a functional part of the personality.
- Explain similarities and differences in Jung’s concept of ego and that of Psychodynamic theory.
- Identify at least 3 ways in which the status of ego functioning is assessed in Sandplay therapy.
- List at least 3 common types of symbols or figures used to represent ego in Sandplay therapy.
Session 4: Persona – Ego’s Mask
The concept of Persona as an additional dimension of ego functioning is unique to Jung’s theory of the personality. This sessions elucidates the role and function of Persona as a part of the personality, with emphasis on the difficulties experienced when one’s persona is too weak, under-developed or too strong, over-developed. Also referenced will be Dora Kalff and other Sandplay therapist author’s descriptions of the concept and role of persona within the personality and how it appears symbolically in Sandplay imagery.
Learning Objectives for Session 4:
- Describe Jung’s concept of the persona as a functional part of the personality.
- Explain what kinds of psychological difficulties arise for an individual when the persona is too weak and under-developed.
- Explain what kinds of psychological difficulties arise for an individual when the persona is too strong and over-developed.
- List at least 3 common types of symbols or figures used to represent persona in Sandplay therapy.
Session 5: Shadow – Dark and Rejected Aspects of the Personality
“I had a little shadow that goes in and out with me, and what could be the use of him is more than I can see”, begins the poem by Robert Louis Stevenson. This session explores Jung’s concept of the shadow as a part of the personality and the critical importance it plays in psychological development, how in site of the tendency to reject this dark and unpleasant part, if one has the courage to face and integrate shadow, it becomes a valuable doorway towards consciousness. Also included will insight from numerous Sandplay authors into the role of shadow in personality development and the many ways it is symbolically imaged in Sandplay imagery.
Learning Objectives for Session 5:
- Describe Jung’s concept of the shadow as a part of the personality.
- Explain what kinds of psychological difficulties arise for an individual when they remain unconscious of shadow aspects of their personality.
- Describe how dreamwork and expressive arts modalities such as Sandplay or art therapy help to access shadow material and bring it into conscious awareness.
- List at least 3 common types of symbols or figures used to represent shadow in Sandplay therapy.
Session 6: Anima & Animus – The Contra-Sexual Aspects of the Personality
According to Jung, every individual contains within them a contra-sexual aspect, the opposite of their primary identification with the archetypal masculine or feminine, that needs to be developed and integrated in later life. He used the Latin terms for ‘soul’; the ‘anima’ for males or the ‘animus’ for females, to describe this part of the personality. This session explores the significance of the anima or animus for later development, examining how these parts appear symbolically in dreams, artwork, and Sandplay.
Learning Objectives for Session 6:
- Describe what Jung means by the anima and animus as parts of the personality.
- Explain when it is appropriate to think in terms of anima or animus development, base on the age of the client.
- Explain what is meant by a ‘negative anima’ or a ‘negative animus’.
- List at least 3 common types of symbols or figures used to represent the anima or animus in Sandplay therapy.
Session 7: The Self – Transpersonal Dimension of the Personality
Jung’s concept of the Self, a transpersonal dimension of the personality which reflects both the center and the whole, represents one of the most significant differences from Psychodynamic theory. Variously described as the center, the totality, or that which is connected to the divine, the understanding is that disconnect from the Self results in psychological distress and reconnection with the Self is necessary for balance and healing. This session explores Jung’s concept of the Self, as well as that conveyed in the writings of Dora Kalff and other prominent Sandplay authors. Common imagery associated with the constellation of and reconnection with the Self will be illustrated with Sandplay case material.
Learning Objectives for Session 7:
- Describe Jung’s concept of the Self aa a part of the structure of the personality.
- Explain the ramifications for personality development and functioning when ego and Self become disconnected.
- Identify at least 3 common types of Sandplay imagery associated with the constellation of the Self.
- Explain Dora Kalff’s concept of the ‘relativization of the ego’ in relationship to the Self.
Session 8: Individuation – The Process of Becoming Whole
The process of Individuation, of contacting, bringing into awareness, and integrating unconscious contents, is truly a lifelong task. More of an ongoing cyclical process than a linear one, certain psychological tasks are associated with and deemed essential to facilitate movement towards Individuation. This session will review some of those essential tasks, explore how they are inter-related, and identify how to recognize steps along the path of Individuation in Sandplay therapy.
Learning Objectives for Session 8:
- Explain the concept of Individuation in the context of Jungian psychological theory.
- Identify at least 3 significant psychological tasks which are essential parts of the Individuation process.
- Describe the inter-relationships of these tasks to facilitate movement towards Individuation.
- Identify at least 3 common types of Sandplay imagery that indicate movement towards Individuation.
Assessment: Completion of Feedback Form
Provider Name: Maude Le Roux Academy
Presenter: Betty Jackson, LSW, CST-T
Bio: Betty Jackson, LSW, CST-T is a clinical social worker with over 40 years of experience in school, mental health agency, and private practice settings.
She began her Sandplay training with Dora Kalff in 1975 and became a Teaching Member of Sandplay Therapists of America and the International Society for Sandplay Therapy in 1991. She has studied at the C.G. Jung Institute of Zurich and attended lectures through the Philadelphia Association of Jungian Analysts. Betty Has presented on Sandplay for the C. G. Jung Institute of New York, the C.G. Jung Institute of Los Angeles, and the Jung on the Hudson seminar series.
She has authored several articles for the Journal of Sandplay Therapy and co-edited Into the Heart of Sandplay. She serves on the Board of Directors for the International Society for Sandplay Therapy, teaches Sandplay nationally and internationally, and has the honor of being a Guest Lecturer for the Oriental Academy for Analytical Psychology and Sandplay in Guangzhou, China and the Garden of the Heart and Soul Program for clinicians serving Chinese orphans.
Ms. Jackson maintains a private practice in southeastern Pennsylvania where she has established The Center for Jungian Sandplay to offer Sandplay process, consultation, and training in the tradition of Dora Kalff. During the 2020 and 2021 period of the pandemic she has offered numerous Sandplay training courses through the Maude Le Roux online Academy, Sandplay for Healing LLC, and the Colorado Sandplay Therapy Association.
Special Needs Accommodation: We invite anyone who may need a specific accommodation to contact [email protected] and we will do our best to accommodate your needs.
Cancellation policy: Payment is due in full with registration through Square on this website and non-refundable at any time. Please contact [email protected] should there be any questions in this regard.